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At first glance, the illustration above looks extremely complicated. On second and third glance, too, most likely – that is, at least, if you don’t happen to be a biochemist. Because if you were such an expert, you would realize immediately that this diagram represents the metabolic pathways and that it provides an overview of the chemical reactions that take place inside cells. Of special interest to Bayer’s Nimbus Biotransformations Project are the enzymes marked in blue.

These particular enzymes demonstrate a unique characteristic: in reactions, they catalyze with exceptional accuracy, even in extremely complex environments. Modern biotechnological methods even allow specific additional chemical modifications to be made. This can change entire metabolic pathways – and the tiny organisms, invisible to the eye, can be transformed into miniature production plants. Such processes can be particularly useful in the development of new substances in both the pharmaceutical and agrochemical fields. You can read more about the subject in “The Catalysts of Life”.

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